We present the first Xinca artisan of the #projectconcausa program where we seek to provide opportunities to more people and generate sources of employment. On this occasion Lesbia Sucena Santos Alvarez, originally from San Juan Tecuaco in the department of Santa Rosa, Guatemala, representing a population of no more than 300 people as the last generations of young Xincas from Guatemala.
Let’s talk a little about the history of the group of Xinca artisans.
The Xincas or Sincas are members of an ethnic group whose origin is not Mayan, who were based in the region between the Michatoya and Paz rivers in Guatemala.
They probably settled in this area during the Postclassic. Their language has not been able to be accurately classified or associated with any other known linguistic structure. Xinca speakers incorporated many words from the Mayan languages to designate plants, trade relations, and religious aspects
According to Francisco Antonio de Fuentes y Guzmán, Pipil groups took over certain Xinca towns militarily, in order to control agricultural production and demand tributes, especially cocoa, from their previous occupants. In May 1524, Pedro de Alvarado faced the Xinca settlers of Atiquipaque, Tacuilulá, Nancinta and Taxisco -Santa Rosa-, Pasaco and Mopicalco -Jutiapa-, whom he could not dominate because they escaped to the mountains.
The inhabitants of Jumaytepeque and Ixhuatán, villages of Nueva Santa Rosa -Santa Rosa-, as well as of Jalpatagua and Comalapa -Jutiapa-, supposedly of Xinca origin, were conquered around 1528.
After the Conquest, Xinca people from Guazacapán, Chiquimulilla and Taxisco, -the three municipalities of Santa Rosa- and from Guanagazapa -Escuintla- moved to San José Nacahuil, a village of San Pedro Ayampuc, and to San Antonio Las Flores, a village of Chinautla. -both municipalities of Guatemala-, in order not to fall prey to epidemics. Currently, the Xinca language is on the verge of extinction.
#projectcocause in alliance with @ adg.garmentsgt we will be donating 25% of the profits to Lesbia, from the courses she teaches online and thus be able to help her family. In this way we hope to help more artisans directly generating continuous passive income.